RSN Fundraising Banner
FB Share
Email This Page
add comment

Robert F. Kennedy Jr. writes: "It is time for Americans to march in the footsteps of our union ancestors of 90 years ago to protect our jobs, and save our national patriarchy, the purple mountains majesty, and the individual rights and community-based values that make our country the envy of free people."

The mountaintop removal mining operation at Blair Mountain, West Virginia. (photo: Coal Country Blog)
The mountaintop removal mining operation at Blair Mountain, West Virginia. (photo: Coal Country Blog)

The March on Blair Mountain

By Robert F. Kennedy Jr., Reader Supported News

10 June 11


his week an important protest is taking place in the coalfields of West Virginia. The March on Blair Mountain began on Monday as several hundred people embarked on a five-day journey retracing the steps of over 10,000 miners who 90 years ago staged the largest armed insurrection after the American Civil War. Today's march is a protest against both the attack of the union movement in America and the demolition of the Appalachian mountains.

For over 50 years, American unions have served to counterbalance the ascendancy of unsheathed corporate power that threatens now to overwhelm American Democracy. In the past year, the union movement's final redoubt - the public service unions - have been vilified and emasculated in traditional union states like Wisconsin, Michigan, and Iowa.

Now one of the biggest union busters in American history, Massey Energy, is launching a final assault on the icon of America's union movement, Blair Mountain.

Blair Mountain's storied history dates back to West Virginia in the 1920s, when the entire state was a company town. Big Coal dominated every aspect of economic life. The industry owned the shops, the homes, of course the mines - and made sure there was virtually no other source of employment in the state. Working conditions were horrendous: men and their sons worked 12 to 16 grueling hours in dark, dangerous mines dying from a notorious plague of subsurface explosions, cave-ins and black lung.

The companies used local sheriffs to enforce their system of feudal serfdom. When a miner was injured and his family needed to be evicted from their home, the sheriff did the dirty deed. When union organizers appeared, the sheriff arrested, jailed, and routinely beat them, before escorting them to the county line. One sheriff refused to tow the company line: Sid Hatfield, of Hatfield and McCoy lore.

Not only did Hatfield refuse to do the industry's bidding, but he jailed mine operators for mistreating their workers. In the infamous Matewan gun battle, Hatfield helped kill seven mine company private investigators who had evicted union families from their homes.

Hatfield was never convicted for the Matewan shootings, but the mine operators took their revenge and on August 1, 1921, when industry thugs executed Hatfield in broad daylight on the McDowell county courthouse steps.

Hatfield's assassination triggered one of the biggest labor demonstrations in American history. Ten thousand miners from the coalfields of Kentucky and West Virginia marched for six days, converging on Blair Mountain to confront their industry bosses. They were met by King Coal's powerful army of thugs and mowed down by Gatling guns.

President Warren Harding, a so-called "friend of coal," like most of the leading politicians of the Gilded Age, authorized the US army to drop bombs and poison gas on the marching miners - the only time in American History when our military deliberately bombed US citizens. These military measures broke the demonstration but outraged the public, and gave vital traction to the United Mine Workers and the American labor movement.

Over the next 60 years unions became the critical counterweight to corporate power and the principal platform for the growth of the American middle class, which gave our Democracy its wealth, prosperity, and sense of justice as a core value.

Now, as the union movement finds itself battered, beleaguered, and under assault by a legion of corporate toadies in state governor's offices, from every director to the Chamber of Commerce, Tea Party, talk radio, Fox News and the tsunami of corporate money released by the Citizens United case, Massey Energy has recently announced that it intends to blow up Blair Mountain, the Gettysburg of America's union-based Democracy, to mine it for coal.

For the first time in decades, environmentalists including the NRDC, Sierra Club, Waterkeeper Alliance and local groups have declared common cause with unions in staging a six-day march to retrace the steps of the 1921 Blair Mountain miners. The march reconvenes Saturday morning, June 11, with a final climb up Blair Mountain. Marchers hope to save this historic mountain from Massey by securing its status as a historic landmark.

West Virginia is today's epicenter of one of America's greatest civil disobedience movements. More than 200 people have been arrested protesting mountaintop removal coal mining in the past 18 months. The protesters include college students and local West Virginia marines, former miners, housewives, and an 82-year-old grandmother who was arrested in her wheelchair. They are all calling for an end to mountaintop removal, the extreme form of coal mining that has flattened 500 mountains in Appalachia, illegally buried 2,000 miles of streams, destroyed one million acres of forest, and devastated numerous communities, lives and towns in the region.

Union-busting corporations have commoditized not just the workforce, but the historic landscapes of West Virginia, using great machines and dynamite to eliminate mining jobs. While production has more than doubled in 10 years, industry employment is one-tenth of it what was when my father warned me about strip mining as a 14-year-old boy.

It is time for Americans to march in the footsteps of our union ancestors of 90 years ago to protect our jobs, and save our national patriarchy, the purple mountains majesty, and the individual rights and community-based values that make our country the envy of free people.

Robert F. Kennedy Jr. appears in the documentary "The Last Mountain" (, currently playing in theaters.

The film reveals the devastating effects of mountaintop removal mining in Appalachia and features the dedicated activists who are fighting to make sure all Americans have access to clean air and water. your social media marketing partner


A note of caution regarding our comment sections:

For months a stream of media reports have warned of coordinated propaganda efforts targeting political websites based in the U.S., particularly in the run-up to the 2016 presidential election.

We too were alarmed at the patterns we were, and still are, seeing. It is clear that the provocateurs are far more savvy, disciplined, and purposeful than anything we have ever experienced before.

It is also clear that we still have elements of the same activity in our article discussion forums at this time.

We have hosted and encouraged reader expression since the turn of the century. The comments of our readers are the most vibrant, best-used interactive feature at Reader Supported News. Accordingly, we are strongly resistant to interrupting those services.

It is, however, important to note that in all likelihood hardened operatives are attempting to shape the dialog our community seeks to engage in.

Adapt and overcome.

Marc Ash
Founder, Reader Supported News

+1 # countrygirl 2011-06-10 11:35
Yes, but what on earth do we do?
+1 # boudreaux 2011-06-10 14:31
that is a rethorical question.
+8 # Glen 2011-06-10 11:51
Harding and Hoover were responsible for attacks on American citizens by the U.S. military. That is evidence enough that it could come again should citizens cross a line that is unacceptable.

Having said that, though, it is beginning to look as if citizens must organize in a truly serious effort to stop continued destruction of not only the environment, but their way of life. Retaliation would be worse that at this event. That reality keeps me from advocating an uprising, but it could develop regardless.
+2 # Saberoff 2011-06-10 12:07
After we elected him, wasn't Obamma supposed to appoint RFK Jr head of EPA?

I'm just saying......
+1 # boudreaux 2011-06-10 14:46
Saberoff click on the link under RFK's name and check it out. They are raping this planet when there is nothing left to rape and killing our people, this has to stop, countrygirl you might want to go there too...
+1 # boudreaux 2011-06-10 14:52
Kennedy is an enviromental law attorney.
+11 # Jane Gilgun 2011-06-10 12:14
Is it possible? Is Mr. Kennedy going to be the leader in the push-back against unbridled corporate power? He may not want that mantle, but someone has to do it. We must have push-back before the entire United States is stripped of its assets and those who have the money live behind 8-foot barbed wire topped walls.
+1 # candida 2011-06-10 16:19
i sure hope bobby jr. meant "patrimony" and not "patriarchy"! (any editorial help, there, RSN?)
+2 # Heartbeatt 2011-06-11 17:05
"It is time for Americans to march....the purple mountains majesty, and the individual rights and community-based values that make our country the envy of free people."
I am a great admirer of Robert F. Kennedy and everything he says above, except for the last line. Hold your horses Mr. Kennedy. This story about the US being the envy of free people is repeated constantly in different forms, but I hardly think it has been applicable for decades now.
Americans should cut the baloney about land of the free and the greatest democracy etc. etc. and stop saluting that flag! One can be calmly patriotic without all that.
0 # bobby t. 2011-06-11 19:21
robert kennedy's kids have asthma. the kids in the new england and up state new york have to deal with the particulate coming from the power plants of the ohio valley area. reagan recinded nixon's clean air act in ohio and ajoining states as soon as he came into office. the "catcher" on top of each pole did not have to be put on and saved the coal plants millions of dollars but caused acid rain, dead species, and sick kids.
kennedy has been trying to get people out there to complain, to no avail. i am glad he is still trying. he doesn't have to do anything. his family has really given both public service and their lives to helping americans. we owe him our support.

THE NEW STREAMLINED RSN LOGIN PROCESS: Register once, then login and you are ready to comment. All you need is a Username and a Password of your choosing and you are free to comment whenever you like! Welcome to the Reader Supported News community.