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Excerpt: "Catastrophic worst-case scenario follows that a fire in the pool at unit 4 could then spread, igniting the irradiated fuel throughout the nuclear site and releasing an amount of cesium-137 equaling a doomsday-like load, roughly 85 times more than the release at Chernobyl. It's a scenario that would literally threaten Japan's annihilation and civilization at large, with widespread worldwide environmental radioactive contamination."

Experts say acknowledging the catastrophic nuclear threat of Fukushima spent fuel would call into question the safety of dozens of identically designed nuclear power plants in the U.S. (photo: Reuters)
Experts say acknowledging the catastrophic nuclear threat of Fukushima spent fuel would call into question the safety of dozens of identically designed nuclear power plants in the U.S. (photo: Reuters)

The Worst Yet to Come? Nuclear Experts Are Calling Fukushima a Ticking Time-Bomb

By Brad Jacobson, AlterNet

11 May 12


ore than a year after the triple meltdown at the Fukushima Daiichi power plant, the Japanese government, Tokyo Electric Power Company (Tepco) and the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) present similar assurances of the site's current state: challenges remain but everything is under control. The worst is over.

But nuclear waste experts say the Japanese are literally playing with fire in the way nuclear spent fuel continues to be stored onsite, especially in reactor 4, which contains the most irradiated fuel -- 10 times the deadly cesium-137 released during the 1986 Chernobyl nuclear accident. These experts also charge that the NRC is letting this threat fester because acknowledging it would call into question safety at dozens of identically designed nuclear power plants around the U.S., which contain exceedingly higher volumes of spent fuel in similar elevated pools outside of reinforced containment.

Reactor 4: The Most Imminent Threat

The spent fuel in the hobbled unit 4 at Fukushima Daiichi not only sits in an elevated pool outside the reactor core's reinforced containment, in a high-consequence earthquake zone adjacent to the ocean -- just as nearly all the spent fuel at the nuclear site is stored -- but it's also open to the elements because a hydrogen explosion blew off the roof during the early days of the accident and sent the building into a list.

Alarmed by the precarious nature of spent fuel storage during his recent tour of the Fukushima Daiichi site, Sen. Ron Wyden, D-Oregon, subsequently fired off letters to Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, Secretary of Energy Steven Chu, NRC Chairman Gregory Jaczko and Japanese ambassador to the U.S. Ichiro Fujisaki. He implored all parties to work together and with the international community to address this situation as swiftly as possible.

A press release issued after his visit said that Wyden, a senior member of the U.S. Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources who is highly experienced with nuclear waste storage issues, believes the situation is "worse than reported," with "spent fuel rods currently being stored in unsound structures immediately adjacent to the ocean." The press release also noted the structures' high susceptibility to earthquakes and that "the only protection from a future tsunami, Wyden observed, is a small, makeshift sea wall erected out of bags of rock."

As opposed to units 1-3 at Fukushima Daiichi, where the meltdowns occurred, unit 4's reactor core, like units 5 and 6, was not in operation when the earthquake struck last year. But unlike units 5 and 6, it had recently uploaded highly radioactive spent fuel into its storage pool before the disaster struck.

Robert Alvarez, a nuclear waste expert and former senior adviser to the Secretary of Energy during the Clinton administration, has crunched the numbers pertaining to the spent fuel pool threat based on information he obtained from sources such as Tepco, the U.S. Department of Energy, Japanese academic presentations and the Institute of Nuclear Power Operations (INPO), the U.S. organization created by the nuclear power industry in the wake of the 1979 Three Mile Island accident.

What he found, which has been corroborated by other experts interviewed by AlterNet, is an astounding amount of vulnerably stored spent fuel, also known as irradiated fuel, at the Fukushima Daiichi site. His immediate focus is on the fuel stored in the damaged unit 4's pool, which contains the single largest inventory of highly radioactive spent fuel of any of the pools in the damaged reactors.

Alvarez warns that if there is another large earthquake or event that causes this pool to drain of water, which keeps the fuel rods from overheating and igniting, it could cause a catastrophic fire releasing 10 times more cesium-137 than was released at Chernobyl.

That scenario alone would cause an unprecedented spread of radioactivity, far greater than what occurred last year, depositing enormous amounts of radioactive materials over thousands of miles and causing the evacuation of Tokyo.

Nuclear experts noted that other lethal radioactive isotopes would also be released in such a fire, but that the focus is on cesium-137 because it easily volatilizes and spreads pervasively, as it did during the Chernobyl accident and again after the disaster at Fukushima Daiichi last year.

With a half-life of 30 years, it gives off penetrating radiation as it decays and can remain dangerous for hundreds of years. Once in the environment, it mimics potassium as it accumulates in the food chain; when it enters the human body, about 75 percent lodges in muscle tissue, including the heart.

The Threat Not Just to Japan But to the U.S. and the World

An even more catastrophic worst-case scenario follows that a fire in the pool at unit 4 could then spread, igniting the irradiated fuel throughout the nuclear site and releasing an amount of cesium-137 equaling a doomsday-like load, roughly 85 times more than the release at Chernobyl.

It's a scenario that would literally threaten Japan's annihilation and civilization at large, with widespread worldwide environmental radioactive contamination.

"Japan would suffer the worst, but it would be a global catastrophe," said Kevin Kamps, nuclear waste expert at the watchdog group Beyond Nuclear. "It already is, it already has been, but it would dwarf what's already happened."

Kamps noted that these pool fires were the beginning of the worst-case analysis envisioned by the Japanese government in the early days of the disaster, as reported by the New York Times in February.

"Not only three reactor meltdowns but seven pool fires at Fukushima Daiichi," Kamps said. "If the site had to be abandoned by all workers, then everything would come loose. The end result of that was the evacuation of Tokyo."

In an interview with AlterNet, Alvarez, who is a senior scholar at the Institute for Policy Studies, said that the Japanese government, Tepco and the U.S. NRC are reluctant to say anything publicly about the spent fuel threat because "there is a tendency to want to provide reassurance that everything is fine."

He was quick to note, "The cores are still a problem, make no mistake, and there will be some very bad things happening if they don't maintain their temperatures at some sort of stable level and make sure this stuff doesn't eat down through the concrete mats."

But he said that privately "they're probably more scared shitless about the pools than they are about the cores. They know they're really risky and dangerous."

AlterNet asked the NRC if it is concerned about the vulnerability of the spent fuel at Fukushima Daiichi and what, if anything, it had expressed to the Japanese government and Tepco on the matter.

"All the available information continues to show the situation at Fukushima Dai-ichi is stable, both for the reactors and the spent fuel pools," NRC spokesman Scott Burnell replied via email. "The available information indicates that Spent Fuel Pool #4 has been reinforced."

But nuclear experts, including Arnie Gundersen, a former nuclear industry senior vice president who coordinated projects at 70 U.S. nuclear power plants, and warned days after the disaster at Fukushima last year of a "Chernobyl on steroids" if the spent fuel pools were to ignite, strongly disagreed with this assessment.

"It is true that in May and June the floor of the U4 SFP [spent fuel pool] was 'reinforced,' but not as strong as it was originally," Gundersen noted in an email to AlterNet. "The entire building however has not been reinforced and is damaged by the explosion in both 4 and 3. So structurally U4 is not as strong as its original design required."

Gundersen, who is chief engineer at the consulting firm Fairewinds Associates, added that the spent fuel pool at unit 4 "remains the single biggest concern since about the second week of the accident. It can still create 'Chernobyl on steroids.'"

Alvarez said that even if the unit 4 structure has been tentatively stabilized, it doesn't change the fact "it sits in a structurally damaged building, is about 100 feet above the ground and is exposed to the atmosphere, in a high-consequence earthquake zone."

He also said that the urgency of the situation is underscored by the ongoing seismic activity around northeast Japan, in which 13 earthquakes of magnitude 4.0 to 5.7 have occurred off the northeast coast of Honshu between April 14 and April 17.

"This has been the norm since 3/11/11 and larger quakes are expected closer to the power plant," Alvarez added.

A recent study published in the journal Solid Earth, which used data from over 6,000 earthquakes, confirms the expectation of larger quakes in closer proximity to the Fukushima Daiichi site. In part, this conclusion is predicated on the discovery that the earthquake that initiated last year's disaster caused a seismic fault close to the nuclear plant to reactivate.

"There are a few active faults in the nuclear power plant area, and our results show the existence of similar structural anomalies under both the Iwaki and the Fukushima Daiichi areas," lead researcher Dapeng Zhao, a geophysics professor at Japan's Tohoku University, said in a press release. "Given that a large earthquake occurred in Iwaki not long ago, we think it is possible for a similarly strong earthquake to happen in Fukushima."

AlterNet asked Sen. Wyden if he considers the spent fuel at Fukushima Daiichi a national security threat.

In a statement released by his office, Wyden replied, "The radiation caused by the failure of the spent fuel pools in the event of another earthquake could reach the West Coast within days. That absolutely makes the safe containment and protection of this spent fuel a security issue for the United States."

Alvarez agrees, saying, "My major concern is that this effort to get that spent fuel out of there is not something you should be doing casually and taking your time on."

Yet Tepco's current plans are to hold the majority of this spent fuel onsite for years in the same elevated, uncontained storage pools, only transferring some of the fuel into more secure, hardened dry casks when the common pool reaches capacity.

For the moment, though, and for the foreseeable future -- unless the international community substantively comes to Japan's aid -- Tepco couldn't transfer the irradiated fuel from the damaged reactor units into dry cask storage even if it wanted to because the equipment to do so, such as the crane support infrastructure, was destroyed during the initial disaster.

"That's kind of shocking," said Paul Gunter of Beyond Nuclear. "But that's why we're still sitting on this gamble that there won't be another earthquake that could topple a very precarious unit 4."

Gunter is concerned that even a minor earthquake or a subsidence in the earth under unit 4 could cause its collapse.

"I think we're all on pins and needles every day with regard to unit 4," he said. "I mean there's any number of things that could happen. Nobody really knows."

Gunter added, "Right now its seismic rating should be zero."

Alvarez echoed Wyden's letters to the Japanese ambassador and U.S. officials.

"It really requires a major effort," he said. "The United States and other countries should begin to get involved and try to help the Japanese government to expedite the removal of that spent fuel and to put it into dry, hardened storage as soon as possible."

Same Spent Fuel Pool Designs at Dozens of U.S. Nuclear Sites

So why isn't the NRC and the Obama administration doing more to shed light on the extreme vulnerability of these irradiated fuel pools at Fukushima Daiichi, which threaten not only Japan but the U.S. and the world?

Nuclear waste experts say it would expose the fact that the same design flaw lies in wait -- and has been for decades -- at dozens of U.S. nuclear facilities. And that's not something the NRC, which is routinely accused of promoting the nuclear industry rather than adequately regulating it, nor the pro-nuclear Obama administration, want to broadcast to the American public.

"The U.S. government right now is engaged in its own kabuki theatre to protect the U.S. industry from the real costs of the lessons at Fukushima," Gunter said. "The NRC and its champions in the White House and on Capitol Hill are looking to obfuscate the real threats and the necessary policy changes to address the risk."

There are 31 G.E. Mark I and Mark II boiling water reactors (BRWs) in the U.S., the type used at Fukushima. All of these reactors, which comprise just under a third of all nuclear reactors in the U.S., store their spent fuel in elevated pools located outside the primary, or reinforced, containment that protects the reactor core. Thus, the outside structure, the building ostensibly protecting the storage pools, is much weaker, in most cases about as sturdy, experts describe in interviews with AlterNet, as a structure one would find housing a car dealership or a Wal-Mart.

Not what Americans might expect to find safeguarding nuclear material that is more highly radioactive than what resides in the reactor core.

The outer containments surrounding these spent fuel pools in these U.S. reactors patently fail to meet the NRC's own "defense in-depth" nuclear safety requirements.

But these reactors don't merely suffer from the same storage design flaw as those at Fukushima Daiichi.

In the U.S., the nuclear industry has been allowed to store incredible volumes of spent fuel for decades in high-density pools that were not only originally designed to retain about one-fourth or one-fifth of what they now hold but were intended to be temporary storage facilities. No more than five years. That was before the idea of reprocessing irradiated fuel in this country failed to gain a foothold over 30 years ago. Once that happened, starting in the early 1980s, the NRC allowed high-density storage in fuel pools on the false assumption that a high-level waste repository would be opened by 1998. But subsequent efforts to gain support for storing nuclear waste at Yucca Mountain in Nevada have also been scrapped.

More recently, the NRC arbitrarily concluded these pools could store this spent fuel safely for 120 years.

"Our pools are more crammed to the gills than the unit 4 pool at Fukushima Daiichi, much more so," noted Kamps of Beyond Nuclear. "It's kind of like a very thick forest that's waiting for a wildfire. It would take extraordinary measures to prevent nuclear chain reactions in our pools because the waste is so closely packed in there."

Experts say the only near-term answer to better protect our nation's existing spent nuclear fuel is dry cask storage. But there's one catch: the nuclear industry doesn't want to incur the expense, which is about $1 million per cask.

"So now they're stuck," said Alvarez, "The NRC has made this policy decision, which the industry is very violently opposed to changing because it saves them a ton of money. And if they have to go to dry hardened storage onsite, they're going to have to fork over several hundred million dollars per reactor to do this."

He also pointed out that the contents of the nine dry casks at the Fukushima Daiichi site were undamaged by the disaster.

"Nobody paid much attention to that fact," Alvarez said. "I've never seen anybody at Tepco or anyone [at the NRC or in the nuclear industry] saying, 'Well, thank god for the dry casks. They were untouched.' They don't say a word about it."

The NRC declined to comment directly to accusations it's reluctant to draw attention to the spent fuel vulnerability at Fukushima Daiichi because it would bring more awareness to the dangers of irradiated storage here in the U.S. But the agency did respond to a question about what it has done to address the vulnerability of spent nuclear fuel storage at U.S. nuclear sites with the Mark I and II designs.

"All U.S. spent nuclear fuel is stored safely and securely, regardless of reactor type," NRC spokesman Burnell replied in an email. "Every spent fuel pool is an inherently robust combination of reinforced concrete and steel, capable of safely withstanding the same type and variety of severe events that reactors are designed for."

He continued, "After 9/11, the NRC required U.S. nuclear power plants to obtain additional equipment for maintaining reactor and spent fuel pool safety in the event of any situation that could disable large areas of the plant. This 'B5b' equipment and related procedures include ensuring spent fuel pools have adequate water levels. The B5b measures are in place at every U.S. plant and have been inspected multiple times, including shortly after the accident at Fukushima.

"The NRC continues to conclude the combination of installed safety equipment and B5b measures can protect the public if extreme events impact a U.S. nuclear power plant."

But nuclear experts told AlterNet that the majority of Burnell's response could've been made prior to the disaster at Fukushima. In fact, Ed Lyman, senior staff scientist at the Union of Concerned Scientists, investigated these so-called "B5b" safety measures the NRC ordered post-9/11 and published his findings in a May 2011 Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists article.

Directly reflecting Burnell's response to AlterNet, Lyman wrote that after the Fukushima disaster, "the NRC and the industry invoked the mysterious requirements known as 'B5b' as a cure-all for the kinds of problems that led to the Fukushima crisis.

"Even though the B5b strategies were specifically developed to cope with fires and explosions, the NRC now argues that they could be used for any event that causes severe damage to equipment and infrastructure, including Fukushima-scale earthquakes and floods."

But contrary to these NRC assurances, then and now, Lyman's report found B5b requirements inadequate, containing flaws in safety assumptions that suggest the NRC has not applied the major lessons learned from the Fukushima disaster. Additionally, he revealed emails showing that the NRC's own staff members questioned the plausibility of these procedures to effectively respond to extreme weather events like floods, earthquakes and concomitant blackouts.

Burnell sent a follow-up email, noting, "I also should have mentioned the NRC issued an order in March to all U.S. plants to install enhanced spent fuel pool instrumentation, so that plant operators will have a clearer understanding of SFP status during a severe event."

This is a curiously roundabout way of saying that spent fuel pools at U.S. reactors currently have no built-in instrumentation to gauge radiation, temperature or pressure levels.

Kamps also pointed out that the NRC commissioners voted 4 to 1, with Chairman Gregory Jaczko in dissent, to not require such requested safety upgrades to U.S. reactors until the end of 2016.

He added, "Burnell's flippant, false assurances prove that pool risks, despite being potentially catastrophic, are largely ignored by not only industry, but even NRC itself, even in the aftermath of Fukushima."

Brad Jacobson is a Brooklyn-based freelance journalist and contributing reporter for AlterNet. His reporting has also appeared in The Atlantic, Columbia Journalism Review, Billboard and other publications. Follow him on Twitter @bradpjacobson.



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+4 # bluepilgrim 2012-05-11 07:09
They redesigned the web site so it is better, and there is some new material there:
+31 # Andrew Hansen 2012-05-11 08:00
GE,paying zero taxes, makes profit on shoddy design and operating decisions along with the power companies themselves. All funded by the public.

What's more, we foot the bill of the clean-up cost in the remote case that is ever actually done. How is that green, cheap energy? Only by the new 1%er system of accounting.

The really disheartening aspect is just how deeply dangerous the whole nuclear energy proposition. To believe otherwise is just more American exceptionalism on display. The early Greeks called it hubris.
+1 # grindermonkey 2012-05-14 20:37
Ronald Reagan called it the "shining city one the hill" - has a radioactive glow to it given his position as spokesman for GE.
+22 # Mamazon 2012-05-11 08:17
This is so outrageous... These idiot corporate lobbysists turned regulators are playing with fire -- enough fire to kill us all and in 2012 no less. What do we have to do to get the governments of the world to dismantle these ticking time bombs before we radiate ourselves out of a planet and into extinction? I thought national security was a right-wing soundbite! How much more insecure can we be than to store nuclear waste unsafely because nuke plant owners are too greedy to spend a million bucks a spent fuel rod to store in in dry casks? This is insane. Is there anyone in government willing to stand up to the NRC and make this the law and enforce it NOW before we lose everything?
+5 # MizKatz 2012-05-11 08:19
"It's a scenario that would literally threaten Japan's annihilation and civilization at large..." where are the editors and proof-readers?

That said, this sad state of affairs SHOULD be a wake-up call to the entire nuclear industry, but they'll continue to go the route of least expense to maximize profits.
+5 # Richard Miller 2012-05-11 08:57
I ran off a couple of reprints of this article and sent them off to my congressman and much you want to bet that none responds with any comment other than asking me for a donation to get them re-elected. The donation don't mean shit if they are not around here to spend it because they are being cannibalized by radiation from Japan.
-5 # Max Demian 2012-05-11 09:37
Fukushima Is Falling Apart: Are You Ready … For A Mass Extinction Event?

According to nuclear experts all over the world, "Fu(c)kus(all)h ima" is FAR WORSE, and is still an ongoing event that is getting worse and worse, contrary to what we're told in the mainstream. Face the music and take precautions, such as you and everyone in your family wearing HEPA face masks when out of doors, and only going outside as little as possible; and, especially, NOT going outside AT ALL during precipitation of any kind, particularly rainfall.

If you can manage it, move to the Southern Hemisphere immediately, further south than Central America, south of the Equator. This is absolutely no joke; this is truly how serious the situation already is, and it is very likely to get much worse if it hasn't already.

To give you a personal example, I have had a constipation and hemorrhoid problem for several years, but they didn't start rupturing and bleeding until the past year. The last major time they bled, ugly black material, probably cancer cells, came out with the blood. This occurred from a ruptured EXTERNAL hemorrhoid, so it was not from fecal matter. And I rarely go outside (about once every 3 weeks), and every time I go out I wear a HEPA mask at all times. I started wearing the mask within ten days of when the Fukushima disaster began.

-2 # Max Demian 2012-05-11 11:06
Let me clarify a couple of things in order to make it clear that taking precautions is NOT a waste of time:

Due to Fukushima, I will probably die from cancer within the next couple of years because I have three autoimmune diseases and therefore have a compromised immune system. But for many if not most of you who do not have compromised immune systems, the precautions are NOT a waste of time; and, if you "religiously" carry them out, you WILL lower your chances of developing cancer(s).

Also, here's a couple of other examples of necessary precautions, even if you have not been doing them for the past year, which will lower your chances of developing cancer(s)]:

Don't take showers (because, while you're taking showers, you're breathing in the radioactive dust that is now in the water, and the lungs are one of the worst places for it to lodge; almost guaranteeing, especially in the case of the plutonium that has been and continues to be released by Fukushima, that you will, NOT "may", develop cancer(s).

Take baths instead, but only lukewarm or body-temperatur e baths so you don't open your pores allowing more of the radioactive dust in the water to get into your body(ies) through your skin.

Be sure to thoroughly wash fruits and vegetables to wash the radioactive dust off of them before consuming them.

Purchase and consume lots of organic high-antioxidan t foods and supplements.

+1 # Max Demian 2012-05-11 11:18
Purchase and consume eight apricot kernals (a cancer preventative) per day; and/or apricot kernal oil, both available from If you develop cancer(s), consume more kernals per day; because, in cancer patients, they are also an excellent natural cancer treatment.

Examples of the best antioxidants and/or other cancer-preventa tive supplements include the following: Vitamin D3, Pau d'Arco, Melatonin (the latter two flush radiation from the body), Resveratrol (red wine extract), Grape Seed (or Resveratrol with Grape Seed), Milk Thistle (to flush the liver), and others.

Take maximum dose Potasium Iodide (125 mgs) once per day, a day or two before going outside, and/or on the day of and just before going outside (do NOT take constantly, or daily, for more than a month).

+2 # Max Demian 2012-05-11 11:37
As I do, watch the weather and keep track of the jetstream, and only go outside in non-inclement weather when the jetstream is not blowing right over and/or through your area, including the edges of it (experts say that the edges of the jetstream can carry the highlest levels of radioactive dust). Use the following websites:

Any weather site for your area (MSN local weather is good) (refresh the page every time you want to check it, if you keep a window and/or tab open for it) (just refresh the page every few hours, if you keep a tab and/or window open for it) (automatically refreshes often)

And last but definitely not least, if you believe in God, pray daily for God's protection from the radiation, particularly when you bathe and when you venture outside; and pray for protection from the radiative dust in the air, food and water especially as well.

0 # Max Demian 2012-05-11 11:59
There have not been releases in the Southern Hemisphere, to my knowledge, of large amounts of radiation like from Fukushima... yet anyway. So the Southern Hemisphere is MUCH safer right now, at least as far as radiation levels are concerned. For those considering leaving the U.S., North America and/or the Northern Hemisphere, now is the best time to do so; because pretty soon the U.S. government and/or other Western governments aren't going to allow people to leave the country, at least permanently. Obviously, stay away from Westernized countries like Australia and New Zealand, which are all turning into corporate-fasci st authoritarian police states like the U.S., U.K., etc., where human rights and civil liberties are being eradicated, and they are becoming more totalitarian and repressive; as well as staying away from countries which have nuclear power plants, and/or where you would be living directly east of them.

Further very important information concerning Fukushima:

Urgent Warning: Fukushima Estimate of Situation

Cesium in Fukushima Prefecture 122 Times Higher than in Belarus (Chernobyl) Evacuation Zone
+1 # Max Demian 2012-05-11 13:02
Also, I neglected to mention that you should use organic sesame oil in your cooking, because it also helps flush radiation from the human body.
0 # jwb110 2012-05-11 09:45
How about banning all imports from Japan because the risk of contamination from radiation in those goods. Lighting a fire under a mule is sometimes the only way to get it up and moving. Freezing assets that are in the US from Japan and its corporations to pay for the "absolute fix" of the problem is not a bad idea either. The Gov't seems to be able to do it to Middle Eastern nations with a certain regularity so why not Japan?
+2 # Max Demian 2012-05-11 11:53
So, again, two wrongs supposedly make one right; and, if the U.S. government freezes Japan's assets, that would supposedly be okay even though they illegally do it against other sovereign countries that they have no business interfering in any of the affairs of, regardless of the allegations against those countries. Please, don't condone this kind of "hegemonomic" (aka "hegemodemonic" ) hubris, against ANY sovereign country, particularly those that did not actually attack U.S. shores.

Are you now going to try and make the claim that the Japanese government is supposedly attacking our shores with the radiation? It is very doubtful that they carried out a self-inflicting wound against themselves, which will probably, if things get worse, and they haven't already gotten worse, destroy much if not all of their own country, in order to "attack" the U.S. in this way.

Maybe they want to kill off most their own population in order to kill off most of the population of the U.S. and elsewhere as well? That is very possible for the globalist, international banker and U.S. government ["al-CIA-duh(!) "] powers-that-be who control Japan and most of the rest of the countries in the world, at least the Westernized countries, but it is highly unlikely that it is being carried out by the Japanese government on their own.
+6 # Cactusman 2012-05-11 10:11
There is no truly safe nuclear power. It's not a renewable resource either - there are limited quantities of uranium and other materials, subject to the "Peak Uranium" concept similar to that of "Peak Oil".

The biggest thorn is what to do with the waste. There's literally nothing we can do to change the fact that the remains are EXCEPTIONALLY dangerous for thousands to millions of years, depending upon the isotope involved.

If the biosphere cannot absorb it and recycle it into new life, then we should not be producing it.
+10 # Granny Weatherwax 2012-05-11 12:31
Suggesting that Japan has to be coerced to fix the problem is somewhat like berating your neighbor because his house is burning.

How about the nations of the world pool their resources and ingenuity and help Japan with this problem?

How about a world-wide bucket-chain to stop the Japanese house fire?
Then later if you want we can sit and assign blame.

But first let's protect all of our houses.

I wrote to Avaaz for them to start a campaign to pressure the UN into action.
0 # KittatinyHawk 2012-05-11 19:44
Japan is Believing the NRC, GE still...this is unbelievable.

We should not be eating any food from those Countries to begin with...water was already shown last year to be over the meter for safe fishing....then add all the imports of bad animal food, and now powdered human. Think it is time we start buying local, organic and say adios to imports
I do not know that clothing could hold radiation but steel and metal I believe can, therefore perhaps plastic. I will review but Union of Concerned Scientists have lots of reviews. I was hoping some good marine groups would be reporting but there is a squash on them? Just like Media.
-3 # Egils Egilsson 2012-05-13 14:31
The obvious answer to radioactive waste is to recycle it into new fuel rods. Allied Chemical & Gulf Oil Corporations had just such a plan in 1972 and invested more than $45 million to build a nuke material recycling facility near Barnwell, SC. "Gulf-General Atomic" would have accepted all spent fuel rods plus contaminated boots/gloves/cl othing & water reprocessing it into new fuel rods. For some stupid & political reasons, the Atomic Energy Commission ( now called NRC ) failed or refused to grant Gulf-General Atomic an operating permit! Years later, Harry Reid and Friends surfaced their Yucca Mountain below ground, glass-stainless steel cask idea & $ Billions of tax payers' $$$ have been spent on that stupid and political effort. Meanwhile, ships ( so far missed by pirates) carry nuclear waste from Japan to a reprocessing plant in France! ( & see "Dangerous Waters" by John S. Burnett) Nuclear power industry folks should be given a deadline to reprocess & recycle all nuclear waste and solve THAT problem, at each Nuke, without any transportation risks, before ANY new nukes or operating permits are issued, and let them solve it their way in the free market & without political interference. If & when science evolves a safe & workable "breeder" or fusion reactor which can use nuclear waste as fuel, that might also be a solution. Seeking The Great Obama's next campaign promise or running away to the Southern Hemisphere won't solve the Fukushima, San Onofrio, 3 Mile Island problem
0 # Max Demian 2012-05-14 09:01
"(R)unning away", eh? So, people who move to the Southern Hemisphere to preserve their and their family's health should stay and die? Were the Jews and others who got out of Germany before it was too late, and before the Nazi regime murdered them under horrific conditions, also wrong to leave? Get real, "Egils Egilsson"!

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