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Nakashima reports: "A Senate committee approved a measure Thursday that would require law enforcement agencies to obtain a court-approved search warrant before reviewing any e-mail or other electronic content."

Ranking member of the Senate Judiciary Committee, Sen. Jeff Sessions (R-AL) (L), was the only vote against the measure. (photo: Mario Tama/Getty Images)
Ranking member of the Senate Judiciary Committee, Sen. Jeff Sessions (R-AL) (L), was the only vote against the measure. (photo: Mario Tama/Getty Images)


Senate Panel Backs E-Mail Privacy Bill

By Ellen Nakashima, The Washington Post

30 November 12

 

Senate committee approved a measure Thursday that would require law enforcement agencies to obtain a court-approved search warrant before reviewing any e-mail or other electronic content.

The measure would close what privacy advocates describe as a loophole in the law in which Internet service providers such as Yahoo and Google may turn over e-mail older than six months if authorities obtain a subpoena, which does not require a judge's approval.

The legal standard under which authorities may obtain electronic data has been the subject of increasing controversy at a time when massive amounts of private e-mails are routinely turned over to criminal investigators. The issue was brought into sharp focus by the case of former CIA director David H. Petraeus, who was forced to resign this month after investigators stumbled upon e-mails that exposed an extramarital affair he was having with his biographer.

Civil liberties advocates say that privacy law - based on the 1986 Electronic Communications Privacy Act - has not kept up with technology's rapid advance and has made it too easy for law enforcement agencies to obtain personal information. Officials in the telecom industry say that in practice, large providers demand a warrant for all e-mail content.

Justice Department officials have argued that raising the standard may impede law enforcement's ability to thwart crimes, given that it typically takes longer to obtain a warrant than a subpoena. Before obtaining a search warrant, investigators must demonstrate probable cause that the material sought will furnish evidence of a crime.

"In a wide range of investigations, including terrorism, violent crimes, and child exploitation, speed is essential," then-Associate Deputy Attorney General James A. Baker told the Senate Judiciary Committee last year.

Despite the opposition of law enforcement agencies, the committee on Thursday passed an amendment to ECPA, as the law is known, by a bipartisan voice vote, with just one member, Sen. Jeff Sessions (R-Ala.), opposing it.

Although the amendment will not be taken up by the full Senate this year, Thursday's vote enhances the chances that the measure will make it through the Democratic-controlled chamber next year, some analysts said.

"Today's vote marks an historic step forward for online privacy," said Gregory T. Nojeim, senior counsel for the Center for Democracy and Technology, a privacy group. "We live our lives online today. If law enforcement can obtain everything we say online to other people without a judge's permission, not much is left of privacy. Internet service providers shouldn't become the one-stop shop when law enforcement wants to investigate someone."

The measure, offered by committee chairman Sen. Patrick J. Leahy (D-Vt.), puts under one uniform standard all e-mail content held by a third-party provider - the same "probable cause" standard that government investigators would have to meet to search someone's home.

The legal standard for a subpoena is typically easy to meet. Federal and state prosecutors need only believe that the material would be relevant to an investigation.

Under current law, the government need not notify a person whose e-mail has been obtained with a search warrant. But under the Leahy measure, government officials must notify the person and provide a copy of the warrant within 10 business days unless they get a court order to delay notification. Under the measure, law enforcement agencies may seek a delay for up to 180 days.

The measure also would extend warrant protection to photos, videos and documents stored in third-party servers such as Dropbox and Facebook.

Some law enforcement officials said the proposed reforms go too far.

"If a confusing patchwork of case law had led to uncertainty for providers, then why is elevating the standard of access to probable cause for all electronic communications records the appropriate solution?" said Ronald C. Sloan, president of the Association of State Criminal Investigative Agencies, in a September letter to the committee leaders. He also called the extension of warrant protection to other electronic content "a far-reaching expansion of protections which necessitates a probing debate."

 

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+8 # Skeeziks 2012-11-30 08:21
Great!!! I hope it takes hold.

Now if we can just get rid of the george W. Bush idea of getting telephone companies to allow tapping for the government, I'd really dance a dance of freedom.
 
 
+1 # cafetomo 2012-11-30 09:11
They would. What's good for the goose would raise anyone's dander.

If it can take out the head spook, there's gotta be some rules, or they won't be gettin' away with diddly squat.
 
 
+1 # BradFromSalem 2012-11-30 10:15
Why do the rules change when the medium of communication is different. If you need a warrant to look at personal snail mail, then you need a warrant to look at e-mail. The fact the mail co-exists on a server farm in downtown Pittsburgh or in an underground bunker in Siberia, it is still the property of the sender and receiver.
 
 
+1 # Third_stone 2012-11-30 14:25
I note that he law enforcers argue that it will slow their investigations. That is a good thing. Liberty does make law enforcement slightly less convenient, but liberty is the choice in America. I am not willing to trade my liberty for a pretense of security.
 
 
0 # RMDC 2012-12-01 08:04
I have not read the bill so I don't know but spying by government agencies is not really the main way it is done now. Right now, privage companies like Google do all the spying. They have contracts with the CIA, DHS, FBI, NSA, etc and they hand over the emails, search record, and all other uses of the internet. Does this bill cover what private companies do? I doubt it. This is like passing a law for something that really does not happen much anymore.

I'm sure this law will be totally ineffective. Why is the NSA building the biggest data storage facility in the world in a remote corner of Utah. What are they storing there. You guessed it -- all of your internet use, email, phone calls, and every manner of electronic transaction every human being on earth makes. They've got all of your ATM uses and credit card uses.

This is a charade so that congress can look good. I'm pretty sure that in the end the ability of the government to spy on people will be strengthened. Who wrote this law? I'm willing to bet it was written by the NSA, FBI, and other spy agencies to cover their own butts.
 

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