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Gibson writes: "Wake up and smell the frack fluid. But don't ask what's in it, at least not in Ohio, cause it's still not your right to know."

(art: The Oldspeak Journal)
(art: The Oldspeak Journal)

ALEC Slips Exxon Fracking Loopholes Into New Ohio Law

By Connor Gibson, Greenpeace USA

02 June 12


ake up and smell the frack fluid. But don't ask what's in it, at least not in Ohio, cause it's still not your right to know.

Ohio is in the final stages of making an Exxon trojan horse on hydrofracking into state law, and it appears that the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC) connected Exxon's lawyers with co-sponsors of Ohio Senate Bill 315: at least 33 of the 45 Ohio legislators who co-sponsored SB 315 are ALEC members, and language from portions of the state Senate bill is similar to ALEC's “Disclosure of Hydraulic Fracturing Fluid Composition Act.”

…disclosure of fracking fluids? On behalf of ExxonMobil?

Frack fluids include unknown chemicals that gas drillers mix with sand and large amounts of water. The mixture is pumped underground at high pressure in order to retrieve gas and oil by fracturing shale formations. These are the chemicals that have caused widespread concern among residents near gas fracking operations, concerns echoed by doctors who don't know how to treat patients harmed by exposure to chemicals that oil companies keep secret. Oil companies like XTO Energy, a subsidiary of ExxonMobil, the first company lined up to drill in Ohio's Utica shale.

Concern over unconventional energy like gas fracking may be the reason by Ohio SB 315 also addresses clean energy standards and drilling regulations. While the new law will allow doctors to obtain disclosure of fracking chemicals, it places a gag order on them…meaning some chemicals aren't disclosed to the public at all (Cleveland Plain Dealer). Instead, chemicals that subsidiaries of Big Oil use during fracking can remain exempt from public disclosure as "trade secrets," mirroring language of ALEC's model law.

What's most suspicious is that seven of the ten Ohio Senators co-sponsoring SB 315 are ALEC members, as are 26 of the 35 co-sponsoring Representatives.*

Among the co-sponsors are Ohio Senate President Tom Niehaus and state Senator Troy Balderson. Senators Niehaus and Balderson are members of ALEC's Energy, Environment and Agriculture task force, which approved the fracking “disclosure” bill internally sponsored by ExxonMobil, modeled after a Texas bill (see New York Times and ProPublica).**

Four of the co-sponsors of SB 315 attended ALEC's meeting in Scottsdale, Ariz., although it is unclear which (if any) of them may have been inside the EEA task force meeting the day that the fracking chemical loophole bill was discussed and approved:***

Rep. Cheryl Grossman

Rep. Casey Kozlowski

Rep. Louis Terhar

Rep. Andrew Thompson

Some co-sponsors became ALEC members in the lead up to ALEC's late 2011 meeting in Scottsdale, where the fracking disclosure loophole model bill was finalized by ALEC's Energy, Environmental and Agriculture task force. Emails between representatives of ALEC, an Ohio state legislative aid and Time Warner Cable's Ed Kozelek show that last-minute recruitment of new ALEC members before the Scottsdale meeting brought in three state legislators who ended out co-sponsoring SB 315 (PDF pp. 71-76): Rep. Lou Terhar, Rep. Brian Hill and Sen. Bob Peterson (who was appointed to the Ohio Senate in 2012).

Head spinning yet? Let's summarize:

Exxon pushed the fracking loophole bill through ALEC's [anti]environment task force,

A couple of key Ohio legislators directly involved in that task force brought the bill back home…

…and then a pile of Ohio legislators used ALEC's model to mold Exxon's Ohio fracking disclosure loopholes into state law

While more than 50 state legislators have cut ties with ALEC due to its widespread controversies, no Ohio lawmakers have responded in such a fashion. ALEC remains particularly influential in Ohio.

Beyond their involvement in these ALEC task force meetings, Exxon and API were involved in the creation of a similar fracking bill through the Council of State Governments before the ALEC model even existed. As if being a private empire isn't enough…


ALEC isn't the only group that peddles corporate-written state laws, as DeSmogBlog's Steve Horn pointed out in a blog on state fracking bills and the "Council of State Governments." With direct financial support from Exxon, API, TransCanada and others, the Council of State Governments (CSG) drafted a similar fracking chemical “disclosure” bill two months before ALEC's was internally approved, although they both appear to be modeled off of a Texas law.

While one of the co-sponsoring Senators of Ohio SB 315, Troy Balderson, is a member of CSG Midwest's Energy Committee, Ohio politicians aren't part of the Suggested State Legislature (SSL) committee that vetted the Council's version of the fracking bill. Because of that disconnect and the overwhelming influence of ALEC politicians sponsoring SB 315, ALEC appears to be the keeper of Exxon's fracking secrets in Ohio.

Regardless of the varying influence of groups like ALEC and CSG forging Big Business state laws, ExxonMobil is getting what it wants. According to Don't Frack Ohio! - a project of 350:

Fracking companies can hide which chemicals they use in the fracking process by calling them ‘trade secrets'. That means they are exempt from telling you what they put in your water. What little they do disclose is 60 days after drilling takes place, too late for communities to test to show what was in their water before drilling, rendering the disclosure meaningless.

The gas industry pays nothing for the mess they create. Gov. Kasich's minor tax on individual wells is offset by new tax breaks on property taxes and other giveaways, which means the gas industry will pay less in Ohio taxes than they do in any other state in the country.

No citizen notification or input will be allowed on any part of the fracking industry. There is no public notice, no public comment, and no right to appeal for drill sites, pipelines or compressor stations.

Ohio Gov. John Kasich has numerous ties to ALEC and was "involved with ALEC in its formative years," but he called for SB 315 to include full disclosure of chemicals used in hydraulic fracturing. Senators replaced true disclosure requirements with Exxon's loopholes and ALEC Representatives decided to leave them.

ALEC secrecy in Ohio

ALEC legislators have found ways to make their moves harder to track in light of repeated exposure of ALEC's pollution of democracy in the U.S. over the last year, and sometimes existing state laws don't help. Ohio's financial disclosure forms for legislators specifically mention that expenses or reimbursements from ALEC conferences do not need to be publicly disclosed. In Ohio and other states, ALEC dodges lobbying laws through corporate-funded "scholarship" programs that are thoroughly documented by the Center for Media and Democracy through open records requests.

People for the American Way and Progress Ohio report that sponsors of ALEC's scholarship fund in Ohio got donations from the American Petroleum Institute, Duke Energy, Reynolds Tobacco and other major corporations interested in buying the loyalty of Ohio lawmakers.

I'm sure you'd understand if you were in the same position. Sometimes steak and cigars are more important than energy that doesn't poison us.

* Cross-referenced between a list of ALEC legislators listed in an Aug. 9, 2011 email from the legislative aid of ALEC's Ohio State Chairman, Rep. John Adams, obtained through a public records request (see PDF pp. 82-84 and PFAW p.12).

** ALEC documents published by Common Cause show that Sen. Balderson was a member of ALEC's EEA task force throughout 2011, although Sen. Balderson did not attend the ALEC task force meeting last December in Phoenix, AZ, according to a staffer at his office over the phone, nor is he listed in emails obtained through a public records request as attending the previous meetings in New Orleans (Aug. 2011) or Cincinnati (Apr. 2011). Ohio Senate President Tom Niehaus was a consistent member of ALEC's [anti]environment task force from August 2010-August 2011, the time period for which ALEC's EEA task force rosters are available. SB 315 co-sponsoring Representatives Carey, Damschroder and Derickson were all listed as members of ALEC's EEA task force as of August, 2011.

*** Co-sponsors cross referenced with an email from ALEC Ohio State Chairman John Adams' legislative aid to Emily Petrovich of US Steel, dated 11/22/2011–eight days before the Scottsdale meeting (see PDF p. 138). your social media marketing partner


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+26 # jammer5 2012-06-02 20:10
Question: What's wrong with this country?

Answer: The koch kartel, Alec, Citizens United, United States chamber of commerce, The American Family Association, and the list goes on and on.

Wonder why there's so much hatred in this country? See above. The middle class is the new whipping post for the republicans.
+8 # jack113 2012-06-03 03:49
Why are corporations allowed to write bill in the legislative process? Another question, why does the public continue to sit back and allow this criminal activity by the Koch industries go on?

This is the same underhanded activity that got us the worthless national health care bill when we could have had a good health care for everyone at affordable rates.

These corporate pigs that call them self political leaders need to be shown the door soon or we are in big trouble.

The ground shakes where fracking takes place soon it will not stop shaking. Our water supplies are being poisoned all because some corporate pig feeding at the trough wants to make some extra bucks.

America has vast supplies of natural gas and does not need this environmental rape just so Exxon can make a few more bucks.
+6 # soularddave 2012-06-03 07:25
If corporations have siezed power in government, then no wonder so many don't trust government. For the tea party, it was a self-fulfilling prophecy. For the rest of us, it's creeping fascism. This may not end gracefully.
+3 # jack113 2012-06-03 15:12
The fascism will end when the public has suffered hard enough and wakes up but the fix is going to take many lives and put more people in desperation before it is over.
+8 # hollyh 2012-06-03 08:35
what is it with citizens voting in corrupt governors? Are the citizens in OH just not paying attention to what their elected leaders are doing? Do they not care that their elected leaders are poisoning their drinking water? I wonder if this news is blacked out in OH. What they don't know won't hurt them, right?
+8 # genierae 2012-06-03 10:54
hollyh: There are millions of Ohioans who are paying attention, but those of us who are awake, are greatly outnumbered by those who are asleep. We had a wonderful Democratic governor in Ted Strickland, but many Dems stayed home in 2010, so he lost to Kasich. The corporations have spent over six million dollars so far, to make sure that Senator Sherrod Brown is defeated, he is a Democrat who really supports the people of Ohio and works every day to make our lives better. He is presidential material, and if he loses, the situation will get even worse.
+2 # jack113 2012-06-03 15:14
Ohio lost the best any state could get when it lost Kucinich.
+1 # jack113 2012-06-03 15:13
It's spelled KOCH as always. Those weasels that are behind the Canadian tar sludge are funding Ohio politics through their many corporate lobbies.
+6 # genierae 2012-06-03 10:44
Living in Ohio I am sickened by the lack of organized push-back against fracking. Governor Kasich and Republican legislators are working overtime to loot this once great state of every dime they can scrounge. And the local Republican rag they call a newspaper, aids and abets these criminals. No whisper of the above information, just happy talk about all the money fracking will bring into the area, almost completely ignoring the great harm to the environment and also to human health that will occur. They passed a law last year that allows fracking in our state parks, and even in Ohio's wild animal preserves. We also are faced with private management of our rest areas, with tons of commercial ads to be put there. And now they are seriously considering putting these ads on the sides of our school buses. Kasich sold off our liquor stores, a solid source of revenue for the state, dirt cheap to his corporate buddies. He even joked at the time about how the business would grow because of the bad economy; people drink more in bad times. I don't even think these corporate Republicans are human, they must be aliens, they care nothing about the planet that they depend on for survival. If they are not stopped, we will not survive as a species, it's just as simple as that.
+3 # mdhome 2012-06-03 11:49
I will believe the fracking fluids are safe when I see the Governor of Ohio drinking it.
+3 # Mamazon 2012-06-03 11:51
Republicons = Genocide
Fracking = Uninhabitable wastelands
ALEC = Corporate Masters
Middle Class = Extinct
Game Over = ARM-AGE-DONE
+2 # Listner 2012-06-03 13:45
Why isn't this news printed in the local newspaper and headline news on T.V. Because when you own the media, you pretty much have the world by the short and curlys.Will this be an issue in the election in Ohio ?? Probably not. Another prime example of people voting against their own best interests because they were dupped by baggers.
When the aquifer of some huge municipality has been polluted and people realize you can't clean it up, perhaps then ???
+1 # jack113 2012-06-03 15:16
Getting your news from a foreign service is a much better option than any American Pravda media service.
0 # RLF 2012-06-04 06:32
Problem with this is that water doesn't respect state lines. Everyone down stream is going to be drinking this s#*t in no time.

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