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Chomsky writes: "August 6, the anniversary of Hiroshima, should be a day of somber reflection, not only on the terrible events of that day in 1945, but also on what they revealed: that humans, in their dedicated quest to extend their capacities for destruction, had finally found a way to approach the ultimate limit."

Author, historian and political commentator Noam Chomsky. (photo: Ben Rusk/flickr)
Author, historian and political commentator Noam Chomsky. (photo: Ben Rusk/flickr)

In Hiroshima's Shadow

By Noam Chomsky, Nation of Change

04 August 12


ug. 6, the anniversary of Hiroshima, should be a day of somber reflection, not only on the terrible events of that day in 1945, but also on what they revealed: that humans, in their dedicated quest to extend their capacities for destruction, had finally found a way to approach the ultimate limit.

This year's Aug. 6 memorials have special significance. They take place shortly before the 50th anniversary of "the most dangerous moment in human history," in the words of the historian and John F. Kennedy adviser Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr., referring to the Cuban missile crisis.

Graham Allison writes in the current issue of Foreign Affairs that Kennedy "ordered actions that he knew would increase the risk not only of conventional war but also nuclear war," with a likelihood of perhaps 50 percent, he believed, an estimate that Allison regards as realistic.

Kennedy declared a high-level nuclear alert that authorized "NATO aircraft with Turkish pilots ... (or others) ... to take off, fly to Moscow, and drop a bomb."

None were more shocked by the discovery of missiles in Cuba than the men in charge of the similar missiles that the U.S. had secretly deployed in Okinawa six months earlier, surely aimed at China, at a moment of elevated regional tensions.

Kennedy took Chairman Nikita Khrushchev "right to the brink of nuclear war and he looked over the edge and had no stomach for it," according to Gen. David Burchinal, then a high-ranking official in the Pentagon planning staff. One can hardly count on such sanity forever.

Khrushchev accepted a formula that Kennedy devised, ending the crisis just short of war. The formula's boldest element, Allison writes, was "a secret sweetener that promised the withdrawal of U.S. missiles from Turkey within six months after the crisis was resolved." These were obsolete missiles that were being replaced by far more lethal, and invulnerable, Polaris submarines.

In brief, even at high risk of war of unimaginable destruction, it was felt necessary to reinforce the principle that U.S. has the unilateral right to deploy nuclear missiles anywhere, some aimed at China or at the borders of Russia, which had previously placed no missiles outside the USSR. Justifications of course have been offered, but I do not think they withstand analysis.

An accompanying principle is that Cuba had no right to have missiles for defense against what appeared to be an imminent U.S. invasion. The plans for Kennedy's terrorist programs, Operation Mongoose, called for "open revolt and overthrow of the Communist regime" in October 1962, the month of the missile crisis, recognizing that "final success will require decisive U.S. military intervention."

The terrorist operations against Cuba are commonly dismissed by U.S. commentators as insignificant CIA shenanigans. The victims, not surprisingly, see matters rather differently. We can at last hear their voices in Keith Bolender's "Voices from the Other Side: An Oral History of Terrorism Against Cuba."

The events of October 1962 are widely hailed as Kennedy's finest hour. Allison offers them as "a guide for how to defuse conflicts, manage great-power relationships, and make sound decisions about foreign policy in general." In particular, today's conflicts with Iran and China.

Disaster was perilously close in 1962, and there has been no shortage of dangerous moments since. In 1973, in the last days of the Arab-Israeli war, Henry Kissinger called a high-level nuclear alert. India and Pakistan have come close to nuclear war. There have been innumerable cases when human intervention aborted nuclear attack only moments before launch after false reports by automated systems. There is much to think about on Aug. 6.

Allison joins many others in regarding Iran's nuclear programs as the most severe current crisis, "an even more complex challenge for American policymakers than the Cuban missile crisis" because of the threat of Israeli bombing.

The war against Iran is already well underway, including assassination of scientists and economic pressures that have reached the level of "undeclared war," in the judgment of the Iran specialist Gary Sick.

Great pride is taken in the sophisticated cyberwar directed against Iran. The Pentagon regards cyberwar as "an act of war" that authorizes the target "to respond using traditional military force," The Wall Street Journal reports. With the usual exception: not when the U.S. or an ally is the perpetrator.

The Iran threat has recently been outlined by Gen. Giora Eiland, one of Israel's top military planners, described as "one of the most ingenious and prolific thinkers the (Israeli military) has ever produced."

Of the threats he outlines, the most credible is that "any confrontation on our borders will take place under an Iranian nuclear umbrella." Israel might therefore be constrained in resorting to force. Eiland agrees with the Pentagon and U.S. intelligence, which also regard deterrence as the major threat that Iran poses.

The current escalation of the "undeclared war" against Iran increases the threat of accidental large-scale war. Some of the dangers were illustrated last month when a U.S. naval vessel, part of the huge deployment in the Gulf, fired on a small fishing boat, killing one Indian crew member and wounding at least three others. It would not take much to set off a major war.

One sensible way to avoid such dread consequences is to pursue "the goal of establishing in the Middle East a zone free from weapons of mass destruction and all missiles for their delivery and the objective of a global ban on chemical weapons" - the wording of Security Council resolution 687 of April 1991, which the U.S. and U.K. invoked in their effort to provide a thin legal cover for their invasion of Iraq 12 years later.

The goal has been an Arab-Iranian objective since 1974, regularly re-endorsed, and by now it has near-unanimous global support, at least formally. An international conference to consider ways to implement such a treaty may take place in December.

Progress is unlikely unless there is mass public support in the West. Failure to grasp the opportunity will, once again, lengthen the grim shadow that has darkened the world since that fateful Aug. 6. your social media marketing partner


A note of caution regarding our comment sections:

For months a stream of media reports have warned of coordinated propaganda efforts targeting political websites based in the U.S., particularly in the run-up to the 2016 presidential election.

We too were alarmed at the patterns we were, and still are, seeing. It is clear that the provocateurs are far more savvy, disciplined, and purposeful than anything we have ever experienced before.

It is also clear that we still have elements of the same activity in our article discussion forums at this time.

We have hosted and encouraged reader expression since the turn of the century. The comments of our readers are the most vibrant, best-used interactive feature at Reader Supported News. Accordingly, we are strongly resistant to interrupting those services.

It is, however, important to note that in all likelihood hardened operatives are attempting to shape the dialog our community seeks to engage in.

Adapt and overcome.

Marc Ash
Founder, Reader Supported News

+39 # natalierosen 2012-08-04 21:32
What can one say to this oh so disturbing article. The word I use is chilling. I expect man will at some point because he is simply dying to (forgive the pun) drop another nuclear device. The first time against Japan the US had the edge. No one really would challenge its power BUT now that is not the case.

Man stares into the abyss and I wonder how long he can hold out before jumping off this suicidal cliff!
+9 # RLF 2012-08-05 07:01
Worse things could happen. People aren't that great for the planet!
-5 # tahoevalleylines 2012-08-05 15:30
A railway historian notes 1945 call for 12,000 passenger cars set aside to transfer soldiers from east coast to west coast. Casualties from invasion of Japan were predicted over 1,000,000.

Japanese casualties, about 10X...
There was a Masada Complex running through the Japanese military (and many civilians)at the time. Honorable Chomsky-San can explain Masada to peanut gallery...

We have to bear with the annual self-flagellati on on the inhumanity of dropping two bombs and ending the war. Noted.

Esteemed Noam can explain another peculiar idiosyncrasy of Israel: the declared vow of embracing the "Samson Complex" which is inherent in the oft repeated refrain: "Never Again" as in submitting to annihilation.

This time adherents of the religion of peace vow to push Israel into the sea... Gas would be politically incorrect. Not to stand alone on these comments, all hands are invited to study Institute for Strategic and International Study analyses papers on consequences of Syrian/Iranian attack against Israel. Who knows, will Egypt succumb to 1973 fever?

Speaking of railways, it is a really, really a sad commentary on the peace/environme ntal movement to observe blind spot regarding transportation choices as a component of the Military Industrial Complex. Bicycling was notable political force for paved roads, and #1 force preventing rebuild of dormant rail lines in our time...
+23 # Electricrailwaygod 2012-08-04 23:31
I was born after the war. I am from Europe but am in part Japanese myself. America has been the only country as to have USED nuclear weapons on another country!

I cannot trust the United States due to this one evident fact. In fact, ever since its inception, Amerika has always been a warring country. Her very economic system depends on waging war and this senseless killing of innocent people worldwide. This in part because America is most likely the only country on this planet that still uses the long outdated archiac pure form of capitalism that had been in use during te middle ages (16th century). Beginning with the East India Tea Company from the UK, until spreading and still in current use, America has the most oppressive form of capitalism known to man. It is the most backward incompassionate and cruel form still in existence, no other country uses this out-moded form as other countries have a more modern modified COMPASSIONATE form such as Japan and in most of Europe. Even adopting some socialist ideals as in social democratic values! SHAME ON AMERIKA!
-1 # RLF 2012-08-05 07:04
The Japanese were no saints in WW2! My uncle was on Batan. Go ask Koreans and The Chinese how they were treated and tell me they didn't need to be stopped by any means. Just because we didn't persecute the Japanese for their racism during WW2 doesn't mean it didn't smell like the holocaust!
0 # Mannstein 2012-08-05 10:32
As one English historian put it so nicely not long ago "Holocaust, holocaust, holocaust I'm all holocausted out."
+3 # Interested Observer 2012-08-05 13:19
The U.S. did prosecute some Japanese for war crimes, and hanged them.
+4 # gzuckier 2012-08-05 23:53
Not just the only country to have nuked another; but never acknowledging the horror of it. Notice the responses here, typical of what you get; it saved lives, the Japanese were worse, it was war, it saved American lives, etc. Some or all of which may be correct and relevant, and it is very easy to play superiority games in hindsight ("I would have never owned slaves and if I was alive then I would have freed all the family slaves" etc.); but none of which changes the fact that it was a terrible thing to do, it was basically a terrorist act on the civilian population (although that was already pretty matter of course at that point in history, still a war crime), in addition to whatever direct military role it served it was absolutely intended to send the Soviets a message at the Japanese population's expense, and it's the absolute textbook example of the kind of thing you have to have some regrets about afterwards, even if there was no alternative. But not us, we're the country that Never Apologizes; that's the Republican campaign platform, right?

Gotta note the slapstick humor of citizens of the only country which ever dropped nukes on people and is still proud of it making a fuss over the fact that another country that probably has nukes but has never even made an oblique threat regarding them and their regional rival which is trying to at least generate a credible nuclear deterrence are immoral.
+23 # Peace Anonymous 2012-08-04 23:50
In 1953 the CIA overthrew the democratically elected government in Iran, because of oil. The Iranians, and many more in the Middle East never forgot. And they have overthrew many more deomocratically elected governments since. Many believe, and I concur, that to continue to do the same things over and over again expecting different results is insane. However, the taxpayers continually fund these exercises which lead us into war and distance us from any hope for peace in this world. The exercise, does however, generate a trmendous amount of wealth for a small group of people who happen to support these endevours. Of course they do not share in the risk. It is your tax dollar and your children dying on the battlefields. Can we continue or does something need to change?
+10 # RICHARDKANEpa 2012-08-04 23:53
August 6 is remembered each year so is August 9 when Nagasaki was hit. But to me March 4, 1954 was the scariest most ominous date of all,

What was though going to be a relatively small Hydrogen blast was over a thousand times bigger than expected. The people of Bikini Island woke up to two suns and suffered immensely from radiation poisoning. Some scientists feared the hydrogen in the air and water would join the chain reaction it turned out a rarer compound did. Since than the human race took another one in a million chance of a black hole out of control and genetic engineering created hardly corn that is cross pollinating by the wind so far only in the northern hemisphere with other corn to have its own insecticide making corn syrup deadly to bees. Strike 3 and the human race didn't yet strike out but strike 4 then 5 and humans will with one strike die unless much more careful.
+2 # Interested Observer 2012-08-05 13:47
March 1, 1954. The test was called Castle Bravo, the second H-bomb tested after the earlier 10MT "Mike". It was hardly "relatively small" at the expected 5-6 megaton yield. That was still quite a large yield then, and as I understand it, bigger than most deployed warheads today (because more smaller yields do more damage than a few very large ones, a purely technical decision). It did unexpectedly yield about three times the predicted 5MT due to unexpected effectiveness of its lithium fuel. It remains the largest U.S. test (at least above ground) in history and the dirtiest in terms of fallout. The unexpectedly high yield resulted in excessive fallout and caused harm to nearby people both local and U.S. military.
+15 # angelfish 2012-08-05 00:32
Cretins who are unable to LEARN from History are condemned to repeat it. Sadly, the innocent are the ones who will suffer and pay the ultimate price. Mankind is a failed experiment. In the meantime, try to be kind and do no harm.
-18 # RLF 2012-08-05 07:07
Who are innocent? Tribal cultures that try to hold on to everything pigheadedly? Everyone will suffer and everyone deserves it!
+6 # Mannstein 2012-08-05 10:39
Who are the innocent? The children that lived east of Nevada during the 1950s when atmospheric tests were conducted. They all have strontium 90 in their bones.
+20 # janie1893 2012-08-05 00:36
I remember the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.The name of the plane was the Enola Gay. I recall feeling very sad for the children in those cities.

I remember being taught to hide under my desk if there was a warning siren. I remember the warning sirens being placed in all communities.

I remember the fear under which all of us in North America lived for many years until it died through civilian apathy and ennui.

North America condemned all it's citizens
to years of fear and apprehension after having destroyed over a hundred thousand lives with a new method of killing.No more!!

All nuclear weapons in all countries need to be dismantled now!!
+2 # Mannstein 2012-08-05 10:35
Most Us and Canadian children growing up in the 1950's east of Nevada have strontium 90 taken up in their bones due to the atmospheric nuclear tests.
+7 # humanmancalvin 2012-08-05 02:59
President Kennedy knew when to pull back the threat of trading nuclear weapon for nuclear weapon. President Obama being the intelligent adult would more than likely follow the Kennedy model. President Obama has proven his war president Bona fides no doubt on many an occasion but would have the sense not to end the world in a flash & bang.
A President Romney on the other hand would probably not have a lot to say, his screaming controllers making this & any decisions for me as evidenced by his capitulating to any/every crazy thought tossed at him by his Radical Right Insurgent base. Forget a President Palin, not worth commenting on and than you Senator McCain for almost installing that person a heartbeat away from the red telephone.
For adult leadership: Obama/Biden in November & a straight Blue slate but not so much with the Blue Dogs.
+4 # anarchteacher 2012-08-05 03:41

Since Noam Chomsky passively accepts and has never seriously challenged the verdict of the Warren Commission (only its critics) there are several key elements missing from his article's analysis.

Read James W. Douglass, JFK And The Unspeakable: Why He Died & Why It Matters, and Gregory Douglas, Regicide: The Official Assassination of John F. Kennedy, for the crucial historical background on the November 22, 1963 coup d'etat by the top echelon of the National Security State.

One wonders how America's great dissident Chomsky will commemorate the 50th anniversary of that event in November of next year?
+6 # wilma 2012-08-05 05:41
I agree with Noam Chomsky on this issue, but there is more to it. We cannot forget about the nuclear weapons delivery systems. While we are working on the Nuclear free zones and reducing warheads, etc. we must not lose sight of the fact that a few well- fired missiles with nuclear warheads could be launched from ships off coasts anywhere that detonate in the upper atmosphere over strategic places such as the U.S. Midwest etc. resulting in creating what is known as the "Compton Effect" (a nuclear pulse that ends PERMANENTLY all electronic/comp uterized systems for ever. Think about it; all computers would cease to function at that second never to recover. This would result in no refrigeration, no traveling by car or train or plane (which would fall out of the sky at that second due to losing the on board computers, no cooking, no more deliveries of any kind (to stores, grocers, mail, banks, gasoline, heating oil and gas) no more medication refills; life support, hospital care, only the crudest surgery would be possible and it goes without saying there would be no anesthesia in a short time as well as no insulin.

This would be no 'vanilla cyber-attack', this would be the real final deal.

Ref. "One Second After" with forward by Newt Gingrich.

Wilma m
+1 # halva 2012-08-05 06:52
Servando Gonzalez says Khrushchev wanted to trigger a US invasion of Cuba and the overthrow of Castro. Even if this is not true, Khrushchev’s strategy seems to have been based on an assumption of Soviet “nuclear deterrence”. Kennedy showed this to be a myth. He threatened to drop a nuclear bomb on Moscow.
After Cuba the “Kremlin hardliners” should have abolished the Soviet nuclear arsenal. But they had to be taught the lesson again in the eighties through the threat of a Pershing II first strike against their missile installations, backed up by the threat of ICBM bombing of cities if they reacted. Reagan’s nuclear scenario was contingent on the existence of the Soviet nuclear arsenal. Only after the disintegration of the USSR could e.g. Gromyko say: "We made more and more nuclear weapons…..Tens of billions were spent on production of these toys. We did not have the brains to stop."
In 1991 Yeltsin wanted to get rid of Soviet nuclear arsenal. Neither Chomsky nor anyone else in the West revealed that this was what he wanted, or tried to help. Chomsky’s reasonable proposals might have more chances of success if there were less indignation and more honest analysis in his writing.
+9 # RICHARDKANEpa 2012-08-05 06:58
March 4, 1954 was the dirtiest Hydrogen explosion ever. natives on Bikini Island woke up to two suns that morning, grand children with huge cancer risks, ever decimating their culture,

Scientists on ships expecting to be at a safe distance went below deck and buttoned down the hatches. Before the first nuclear explosion and later hydrogen explosion a few scientist thought the hydrogen in water vapor even the nitrogen in the air might join the chain reaction, a rarer compound did. Since then the earth is risking a Black Hole perhaps dozens or more years later consuming the earth whenever power in the Large Hadron Collider is increased. Scientist created what it thought was bug proof corn for animal feed by genetically engineering insecticide to the genes. Hardy mutants are blown by the wind to all corn crops in the Northern Hemisphere meaning Northern Hemisphere corn syrup is poisonous to honey bees. Bees being constantly imported from the Southern Areas. With real fear that rice, wheat and every plant not pollinated by insects will become mutants.

The danger is greater on the human race destroying itself by accident if you include a supposed fail proof nuclear shield that turned out not fail proof after all.
+5 # RICHARDKANEpa 2012-08-05 07:41
I hope I am not spreading a false warning, according to several internet sites the virus used to listen to and destroy data on Iran's Nuclear program is supposedly listening to perhaps destroy data on computers around the world.

Whether or not a human being is also listening and taking charge I wonder if the virus will end up making decisions without human over-cite.

The danger of destroying ourselves by accident or design can blur together.
+3 # reiverpacific 2012-08-05 09:55
[quote name="RLF"]The Japanese were no saints in WW2----!
In many was you are right -my wife's dad was a squadron leader off the carriers in the Pacific and maintained an enduring hatred of the Japanese all his life "He lost a lot of buddies, especially to these Kamikaze fanatics". His pilot buddy and lifelong friend Bill "Jeep" Daniels was a bit more forgiving but we ARE left with some horrendous events like the Burma Railway, and the prison/torture camps, the Japanese versions of Auschwitz and Bergen-Belsen.
I know that The US did a pretty horrible thing with the automatic detention and forced encampment of Japanese citizens but it was nothing compared to what came of fanaticism of the Japanese Imperial forces (ref' Kamakaze) and the Nazis.
I had a dear friend who was in a Japanese camp in Malaysia and he bore lash-marks to the end of his life. He was one of the founders and leaders of the Scottish anti-nuclear and peace movements when the US/UK imposed Trident submarines in the Holy Loch at Faslane -I was a leader and first over the fence at this huge base occupation!
Ergo, anti-war activism seems to me to be the most positive way of working against the FANATICAL forces that exist in all cultures -especially the ones who encourage introspective and insular attitudes to other nations and cultures (sound closer to home now?) and who would take us all over the edge into the abyss without thoughts of "Seven Generations to come".
0 # Interested Observer 2012-08-05 14:12
The monday morning quarterbacks of the end of WWII in the Pacific should bear these things in mind. Along with the prospects for an invasion of the home islands after Iwo Jima and Okinawa. Of the earlier surrender offers, how many were on unacceptable conditions such as leaving the present military government intact and other things too far short of "unconditional" , and how many of the those offers were faithfully relayed by the Soviets given their interest in getting a little back on Japan once the U.S. had won the Pacific war for them? Even as it went after the bombs there was a failed coup attempt when the emperor sided with surrender. The idea that Japan would surrender on acceptable terms long before the bombs does not match with the events I know of, notwithstanding the various less admirable motives of the U.S. such as impressing the Soviets or to justify the massive investment in the Manhattan Project.
+1 # RICHARDKANEpa 2012-08-05 13:49
After years of reading blog chit chat I was amazed by the death of the comments to this anti-nuke piece, even the ones many readers gave a minus sign to. Since several cementers mentioned Japan, Japan gave an ultimatum that it would seize British and US controlled islands unless the oil embargo was called off. Chose Pearl Harbor instead of near by Guam to hit the aircraft carriers. The aircraft carriers weren’t their so the invading party was called off, sparing the G I’s years in a Japanese prison camp. Let's continue to talk it up making this potentially the first anti-nuke piece to become a top story since before the Internet.
+3 # obx1212 2012-08-05 14:52
War on civilian populations is a war crime. All major combatants have been guilty of such war crimes at least since the Greeks sacked Troy and perhaps even further back to biblical times. During our own un-Civil War, President Lincoln ordered Grant to ravage the civilian population of the South in order to break the back of the "rebellion". Grant and Sherman strove to outdo each other in complying with that order.
World War II had many "holocausts" - the fire bombings of Liverpool and Dresden; the rape of Manchuria (OK technically pre-WWII); and so many more that no one could possibly count them. But, Hiroshima and Nagasaki were war crimes of a different order. Hundreds of thousands vaporized in a matter of seconds. And Nagasaki was the worse of the two because the US Govt. knew of the destructive power of the first A-bomb and yet went ahead three days later with the second one. The ostensible purpose of ending the war sooner was debunked by that second bomb, dropped before the Japanese could have implemented a surrender. Many suggest that the Nagasaki bomb was for Stalin's eyes. But, those events were not labelled war crimes because history is always written by the winners.
0 # Interested Observer 2012-08-05 20:19
Morally it was worse perhaps. But technically it was less due to differences in terrain and it missed its intended target due to bad weather. How ironic that Stalin already know all about the bomb so that part was a waste if indeed that was the idea. The Dresden raid was also as show for the Soviet's benefit. There was never any doubt as to the destructive effect of either bomb after Trinity, only some anxiety about a dud, one of the reasons given for not staging a demonstration.
+3 # janie1893 2012-08-06 00:52
How can an event like the bombing of a city like Nagasaki be "less" worse than the bombing of Hiroshima, Interested Observer? Can you try to imagine what it musy have felt like to the women and children in those cities? And the fire bombing od Dresden was a hideous crime as well.

Can we learn from history? War kills innocent people. We need a world wide anti-war protest that does not cease until all major killing implements are banned from the face of the earth.
-3 # rockieball 2012-08-06 07:45
I'll get a few thumbs down maybe. But I do not feel this country needs to apologize for using the atomic bomb in WWII. We were at war with a country with a philosophy of no surrender fight to the death. It was estimated on the low side that an invasion of Japan itself would cost this country around 2 million dead and take up to 3-5 years. So it was decided to drop the only two bombs we had and bluff Japan into thinking we had more. It worked. That or take years blockading and fire bomb the county flat.
It is forgotten that if Nazi Germany Japan or even are so called ally Russia had the bomb their would have been no hesitation by their leaders to use it. No we do not have to be sorry or apologize for doing what we did in August 1945.
0 # RICHARDKANEpa 2012-08-06 10:29
Time for intermission,
Old Man Atom (the song)

Interesting Observer, Lithium unexpectedly turned out unexpectedly thermonuclear like it was already known that Uranium and Plutonium was, The instant doomsday fear was slightly off but clearly in hindsight very possible from what they then knew. I am torn inside, one part of me is upset that the casual sounding comment, “The Dresden raid”stand for pouring gasoline on a city and setting it on fire. And your comment “excessive fallout” means the grandchildren born of grandparents who lived what was once called paradise, suffer from various cancers. One of the most innocent part of the world suffering the most from technology abuse. The horror in the following link,

Since I can't both listen up and constantly focus on grim new, I guess I don't know what I am doing.

Rockieball, I would like to correct you but more than that I would like to thank you for helping make this comment site interesting, no minises from me.
-2 # drnelken 2012-08-06 22:28
war is an art form enjoyed by every human culture in history. It inspires great efforts of invention and scientific progress. We waste our breath praying for peace. It is not in our nature. The atom bomb has brought 60 years without a big war because nuclear war will wipe out the leaders, not just the young men. There is no way to limit science, which is just gifted curiosity. Hadrons are beautiful.
0 # RICHARDKANEpa 2012-08-07 06:54
For the past 50 years I noticed or have been part of remembrances on August 6, and August 9. Every year they have been a little smaller, except TV reports of huge events in Japan. Suddenly this year a lot of coverage incredibly a top story at RSN and very deep comments as well. TV coverage was heavier, of course RT Russian News wasn't part of it in the past.

RLF your sarcasm was extremely helpful to this whole process.

I wonder on August 9 if there will be some new excitement as well
0 # RICHARDKANEpa 2012-08-08 09:40
Now for the Nagasaki Day events,

0 # Kekya Tunkashila 2012-08-10 12:11

Insanity rampant on a field of remorse. An Ape on the left, on the right a Pale Horse. Missiles and minute men fill a sky choked with soot. Man hung on a Tree, with a Child at its foot asking, "Why?"

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