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Borger writes: "The extraordinary but unverified documents published on Tuesday on Donald Trump's ties with Moscow began life as a piece of opposition research, which has become as much a part of US politics as yard signs and coloured balloons."

President-elect Donald Trump. (photo: Getty)
President-elect Donald Trump. (photo: Getty)

ALSO SEE: Explainer: What Is in the
Trump-Russia Dossier John McCain Passed to the FBI?

The Story of the Trump Dossier: Secret Sources, an Airport Rendezvous, and John McCain

By Julian Borger, Guardian UK

11 January 17


What began as opposition research during the Republican primary slowly grew from a covert investigation into an extraordinary but unverified global story

he extraordinary but unverified documents published on Tuesday on Donald Trump’s ties with Moscow began life as a piece of opposition research, which has become as much a part of US politics as yard signs and coloured balloons.

There is a small industry of research and investigative firms in Washington, typically staffed by a mix of former journalists and security officials, adept at finding information about politicians that the politicians would rather stay hidden. The firms often do not know who exactly is hiring them; the request could come from a law firm acting on behalf of a client from one of the parties.

In this case, the request for opposition research on Donald Trump came from one of his Republican opponents in the primary campaign. The research firm then hired one of its sub-contractors who it used regularly on all things Russian: a retired western European former counter-intelligence official, with a long history of dealing with the shadow world of Moscow’s spooks and siloviki (securocrats).

By the time the contractor had started his research, however, the Republican primary was over. The original client had dropped out, but the firm that had hired him had found a new, Democratic client. This was not necessarily the Hillary Clinton campaign or the Democratic National Committee. Opposition research is frequently financed by wealthy individuals who have donated all they can and are looking for other ways to help.

By July, the counter-intelligence contractor had collected a significant amount of material based on Russian sources who he had grown to trust over the years – not just in Moscow, but also among oligarchs living in the west. He delivered his reports, but the gravity of their contents weighed on him. If the allegations were real, their implications were overwhelming.

He delivered a set to former colleagues in the FBI, whose counter-intelligence division would be the appropriate body to investigate. It is believed he also passed a copy to his own country’s intelligence service, but it felt constrained in what action it could take and left it up to the Americans to do their own investigation and draw their own conclusions.

As summer turned to autumn, the investigator was asked for more information by the FBI but heard nothing back about any investigation. The bureau seemed obsessed instead with classified material that flowed through a private email server set up by Clinton’s aides. The FBI’s director, James Comey, threw the election into a spin 11 days before the vote by announcing his investigators were examining newly discovered material.

The former intelligence official grew concerned that there was a cover-up in progress. On a trip to New York in October, he decided to pass the material to the press. He met David Corn, the Washington editor of Mother Jones, who first reported its existence on 31 October.

The FBI however continued to refuse to comment on the issue, despite reports that it had requested and perhaps acquired a warrant for further investigation from the Foreign intelligence surveillance (Fisa) court. The silence was not altogether surprising. The FBI counter-intelligence division, headquartered in Washington, is extremely secretive, much more so than the New York field office, which had strong links to former prosecutor and mayor Rudy Giuliani, who was by then working for Trump. The threat of leaks from New York about Clinton emails had reportedly pushed Comey into making his October surprise announcement.

In mid-November, the documents took another route into Washington that ultimately led to them being mentioned in the joint intelligence report on Russian interference that was delivered to President Obama and President-elect Trump. On 18 November, the annual Halifax International Security Forum opened in the Canadian city, bringing together serving and former security and foreign policy officials from around the world.

Senator John McCain, a hawkish Republican, was there and was introduced to a former senior western diplomat who had seen the documents, knew their source and thought him highly reliable. McCain decided the implications were sufficiently alarming to dispatch a trusted emissary, a former US official, to meet the source and find out more.

The emissary hastily arranged a transatlantic flight and met the source at the airport as arranged. (The Guardian has agreed not to specify the city or country where the meeting took place.) The meeting had a certain cold war tradecraft to it, as he was told to look for a man with a copy of the Financial Times. Having found each other, the retired counter-intelligence officer drove the emissary to his house, where they discussed the documents and their background.

The emissary flew back within 24 hours and showed McCain the documents, saying it was hard to impossible to verify them without a proper investigation. McCain said he was reluctant to get involved, lest it be perceived as payback for insulting remarks Trump had made about him during his rambunctious campaign.

However, on 9 December, McCain arranged a one-on-one meeting with Comey, with no aides present, and handed them over.

“Upon examination of the contents, and unable to make a judgment about their accuracy, I delivered the information to the Director of the FBI. That has been the extent of my contact with the FBI or any other government agency regarding this issue,” the senator said in a statement on Wednesday morning.

It is not clear what underpinned the FBI’s decision to include a summary of the documents in its highly classified briefing to the president and president-elect and their top staff, before the bureau had completed its investigation. It may have been as a defensive measure, to prove for posterity that it was not involved in a cover-up, or because its investigators believed them to be credible.

Whatever the motive, it was quickly leaked – first to CNN, which reported on the material on Wednesday. That triggered a controversial decision by BuzzFeed to publish an unredacted version of the documents on its website. It is unclear where the BuzzFeed version came from. The author of the reports had been insistent on blotting out references to his Russian sources in the copies he gave to the press, including the Guardian, out of fear for their safety. The unredacted version could have come from the original client, who commissioned the research, or from intermediaries between the counter-intelligence contractor and the client. your social media marketing partner


A note of caution regarding our comment sections:

For months a stream of media reports have warned of coordinated propaganda efforts targeting political websites based in the U.S., particularly in the run-up to the 2016 presidential election.

We too were alarmed at the patterns we were, and still are, seeing. It is clear that the provocateurs are far more savvy, disciplined, and purposeful than anything we have ever experienced before.

It is also clear that we still have elements of the same activity in our article discussion forums at this time.

We have hosted and encouraged reader expression since the turn of the century. The comments of our readers are the most vibrant, best-used interactive feature at Reader Supported News. Accordingly, we are strongly resistant to interrupting those services.

It is, however, important to note that in all likelihood hardened operatives are attempting to shape the dialog our community seeks to engage in.

Adapt and overcome.

Marc Ash
Founder, Reader Supported News

+31 # Caliban 2017-01-11 16:46
New elections, please.
-20 # Winston Smith II 2017-01-11 18:08
Caliban -- don't base your all on such an obviously false story. There will be enough fact before we are through. If there were a new election, Hillary would do worse than she did last Nov. Sanders would win.
+16 # HowardMH 2017-01-12 10:43
Considering the options Sanders looks pretty damn good.
0 # Caliban 2017-02-02 16:56
I said "New elections" not "More Hillary".
+13 # warrior woman 2017-01-12 06:35
We should be calling for the inauguration to be put on hold while this is fully investigated.
+2 # Winston Smith II 2017-01-11 20:20
Most campaigns now do opposition research, as Borger points out. This report comes from them, but it also has sketchier origins. A lot of opposition research is just bogus. If this turns out to be pure fiction, then the media storm it is now getting will actually help Trump. It will unify his supporters and it will discredit everyone who got near this story.

The story really does have the appearances of a truthful story. I read the text posted on BuzzFeed and it seemed very weak and made up. Mother Jones does not look good on this one.
+6 # chemtex2611 2017-01-12 01:02
This is all of Mr. T's own making. He's the little boy who cried wolf, and then the wolf ate him. So sad.
+12 # JJS 2017-01-12 05:34
Trump to the Intelligence Community when they nail him on some egregious digression:
(ala Marion Barry)
"Bitches set me up!"
+9 # RLF 2017-01-12 07:49
Comey makes a statement about Hillary's emails even though there was nothing there but refuses and covers up these documents about Trump. Why hasn't Comeys ass hit the bricks already Obama?
+10 # wrknight 2017-01-12 09:10
The saddest part of this entire debacle is that the intelligence agencies, as well as main stream media, the president and most members of Congress have destroyed their own credibility. Lacking credibility, they cannot be believed; and when they cannot be believed, they cannot be trusted; and a government that cannot be trusted is doomed.
+4 # Radscal 2017-01-12 19:16
All true, but my assessment is that's the good news. We've had no reason to trust our government since at least 11/22/63. It's great that more of us are realizing that.
+1 # babalu 2017-01-14 08:13
Rehnquist elevation to the Supreme Court (a lawyer's wet dream) was payback for "managing" the Kennedy assassination investigation and report.
Likewise, the 9/11 inquiry did not require sworn testimony from two of the most important actors (non-actors) Bush and Cheney or significant follow-up investigations of "fishy" stories.
Sound familiar?
+3 # Barrystanley 2017-01-12 09:34
It is interesting that this story is accepted as being through a series of leaks. This is in great contrast to the previous Russian related stories where leaks are denied as the source.
+2 # Robbee 2017-01-12 10:14
the fbi needs to investigate itself - and how it became a tool influencing rump's election
+3 # elizabethblock 2017-01-12 15:55
I'm wondering how bad these revelations can be. I mean, can they be worse than what we already know? Worse than what Trump has boasted about?
+4 # newell 2017-01-12 16:22
But we don't want Trump impeached. It is what the Republicans want. Pence would be worse. The prize is 2018 and 2020.
+2 # Jaax88 2017-01-12 18:03
Maybe so on impeachment, but if the election was thrown out there would be no Pence.
+4 # newell 2017-01-13 09:06
If they are impeachable offenses, I think the Republicans would wait until after the inauguration because they don't want another election.
0 # pmargaret7 2017-01-13 16:44
Quoting newell:
But we don't want Trump impeached. It is what the Republicans want. Pence would be worse. The prize is 2018 and 2020.
How can you think the Repugs would ever impeach one of their own? And even if they did, it would just be playing into their hands to get Pence (possibly worse than 'Mango Mussolini" because he has a modicum of a brain - twisted tho it is). We have to make life so miserable for Drumph and all of the Repugs that they are flummoxed into eating their dead! How - I'm not sure as they hardly seem human, but we have to make them fail in every way. Show no mercy! They are greedy racist ciphers that have to be erradicated.
+5 # Femihumanist 2017-01-12 17:35
Quoting HowardMH:
Considering the options Sanders looks pretty damn good.

Sanders looked pretty damn good when it looked like there were 25 or so options. In fact, better than anyone in years.
+2 # pro54 2017-01-12 19:06
Another sign of Trump derangement syndrome, believing any and everything negative about Trump and disseminating same. When he becomes president and starts committing real terrible acts, reports about those acts will be denigrated by pointing at the Russia Putin stories to the detriment of the country.
+2 # Radscal 2017-01-12 19:23
Is everyone having their comments go to moderation before being posted for the past couple days?

Is everyone else having posts that do not break any TOS rules never get posted?
+2 # MikeAF48 2017-01-12 20:48
He conned himself right out of the white house Tweet this.
+1 # bbaldwin2001 2017-01-13 13:18
Trump you will not make it through the first four years.... you are going to be impeached and the country will be better off without you. Bring on Pence. !!!

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